Personal Ancestral File Database Index - Hawaiian Lincolns
As indicated, this database index reports on the individuals associated with the Hawaiian Lincolns who were identified in the author's publication "Ancestors and Descendants of Nedabiah Lincoln, Sr. - Volume II - The Lincolns of Hawaii"; as well as many others added to the database since publication in 2015. It too identifies many descendants who do not have the Lincoln surname.
Also similar to Volume I, the existence of this database is a reflection of many sources. The large numbers of people that have contributed to this project are beyond listing and all played a critical part (many are identified in the Acknowledgements section of Volume II). But, just before the publication of Volume II, the Ohana lost a key researcher in the death of Clayton Chee. After publication, it became my immense fortune to be provided with copies of his known files, which were extensive. Credit for this action goes to Rowena Lincoln. Clayton and I had exchanged considerable data before his tragic demise, but now, as a result of Rowena's actions, all of Clayton's available folders have been cross checked to the then existing database information and Clayton has been properly credited as to the new data which has become an important part of this Lincoln Ohana database. This was a major task which required many months of work. Shortly after the completion of the review of Clayton's files, Jensen Apana supplied an extensive document regarding the John Adams Lincoln line. Over the subsequent six months, and with a lot of communication, the data has been cross checked to the database and the new material has been credited to Jensen.
This database has the same format as the previous one for the Mainland Lincolns. In addition to those explanations, the following comments are germane to this portion of the total project.
There are modifiers added as attachments to certain Lincoln surnames. They are:
(GL) - Lincolns and others with this surname modifier are members of the George Walter Lincoln family. (Part IV, Chapter 1 of Volume II).
(L) - Lincolns and others with this surname modifier are members of the Lyman Lincoln family. (Part IV, Chapter 2 of Volume II).
(ul) - Lincolns with this surname modifier are members of a group of Lincolns that may have a connection to Lorenzo or Lyman's families, but that connection has yet to be found. (Part IV, Chapter 3 of Volume II).
(l) - Lincolns with this surname modifier are part of a group of independent Lincolns with no known connection to the three earliest Lincoln families to arrive in Hawaii (Lorenzo, George Walter and Lyman - Part IV, Chapter 4 of Volume II).
Early Hawaiians used just a single name. In those cases, encountered in this study, the single name is treated as a surname and no given name is indicated.
Quotation marks are used around nicknames and around interchanging Hawaiian/English names such as Kimo "James".
The Hawaiian spelling of the Lincoln surname is Likana. This spelling does appear in the book and database.
A large number of Chinese (as well as other nationalities) migrated to Hawaii and became an integral part of the population. For some time the author has been aware of the Chinese practice of listing the surname prior to the given name. Thus, the name of the former Chinese premier, Mao Zedong, indicates that his family name was Mao. Depending on who was recording the Chinese name, this can produce an interesting conundrum revolving around which convention was used at the time of the recording. This was further compounded by the "Hawaiianization" of Chinese names. A March 17, 2017 article (Surnames) by Peter T Young, in his series titled "Images of Old Hawaii", helps clarify some of the confusion. "The Chinese - Hawaiian surname was formed by adding a letter or syllable 'a' or 'ah' to the Chinese given name (or last part of his given name) rarely his surname. For example, if a person's name used in the Chinese style with the surname first is Lau Say Kan, his Hawaiianized name becomes Ah Kan. Later, that may become Akana. (Lai) Some other examples are: Tang Hung Sin became Ahsin or Akina. Tang Chow became Akau or Akao. Lau Fai became Hapasi. (Kai)"
The Chinese manner of placing the emphasis on the family name also occurs when identifying married women. For example - Ho Chai Shee is a married woman as Shee so indicates; her husband's family name is Ho, and her family name is Chai. Neither given name is included. Written in a typical English/American style, the name would be Mrs. (Chai) Ho.
Recently I have been working with a lady who was born in China and was later adopted into a Chinese - Hawaiian family. She has very graciously shared her knowledge of some of the concepts that have helped me have a better understanding of the complexity (to a "westerner") of the Chinese languages. Many of the Chinese emigrants to Hawaii were speakers of Mandarin or Cantonese. These two dialects often differ in spelling and pronunciation of the same word (name). Thus, what was recorded about a new emigrant, was seriously affected by which dialect they spoke and which dialect the interpreter/interviewer spoke; AND this was before the data was exposed to the usual vagaries of "normal" record keeping, phonetic spelling etc. Research gets complicated when the same person has several different given names (phonetic) as well as using any of the possible Chinese surnames and or the western version.
Three daughters of George W K Lincoln (GW) and his wife (Rebecca Bell) have the same given name as three daughters of his common-law wife Mary Ann Bell (Rebecca's younger sister). In order to avoid confusion, Rebecca's three daughters are identified with a designation of nui - indicating from the "first family". All of the known children of GW’s common-law wife Mary Ann are listed with a middle name of Bell. With an occasional exception, these children used the Lincoln surname.
As with the previous segment, readers are strongly encouraged to contact the author with any possible corrections or additions. If you have questions, I will answer them to the best of my ability. My email address is firstname.lastname@example.org